The Thilawa Special Economic Zone


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Conditions after Relocation

Conditions after Relocation

The majority of PAPs are fine with the new relocation place as they accept that they now get (at the new place, i.e. after the relocation) what they could not get in the past (i.e. in the old place). However, some PAPs are still complaining by saying that the situation after the relocation gets worse. The following is the comparison of before and after situation.

Under many cases, the situation (after the relocation) is better than their original condition. However, there is only one case where the situation is not better.

Before and After Conditions

Description Before After Condition
Electricity No electricity

Each house is installed with its own electricity meter box and electricity is instantly supplied.

Water No water supply.

Ground-water hand-pumps are installed and two wells are constructed. These pumps and wells are within the distance of 1-2 minute walk from each and every house. Some PAPs complained about the quality of water from the wells. In order to solve the problem, Thilawa SEZ Management Committee improved the existing wells and digged two additional deep ground water wells and tested the water quality at an independent lab of the Myanmar Water Engineering and Products Co., Ltd.

of land for
No legal ownership Legal ownership will be provided. Better
House size Various sizes from 45 sq.ft (4.18 sq.m). The average is 200 sq.ft (18.58 sq.m).

The house with the size of 192 sq.ft is provided; however, if the size of their original house was bigger, more compensation is provided based on extra sq.ft. The PAPs also had the option to build their own houses.

Mostly huts with the walls made of bamboo mat or plastic sheet and the roofs made of palm leaves or

House with timber walls and GI sheet roofs. (Compensation amount is calculated based on this condition; however, some PAPs wanted to build better houses so that they asked the compensation amount for house
building and built their own houses)

Almost all houses did not
have fly-proof toilet.
Every house has a fly-proof toilet. Better
Employment 46% of PAPs do odd jobs as
their main source of income.
3.7% of PAPs are wage

Currently, employment is guaranteed by Myanmar-Japan joint-venture construction company. They pay Kyats 4,000-8,000 (i.e. around US$ 4.14-8.28) per day depending on skills, while local average daily wage is around Kyats 2,000-5,000. It is further guaranteed that the PAPs will be given priority for any employment in the SEZ.

from main
Far from
Road, which is the only main
road around the area.
Very close to
Yangon-Thanlyin-Kyauktan Road.
Access to
main road
The old place was connected
to the main raod by a narrow
earth road

The new concrete road is constructed to connect between the new relocation site and the main road.

Training No training

Training for car driving, car repairing, electrical installation, welding, tailoring, food production, computer skill, language skill, furniture production, etc., are being provided to PAPs free of charge with a view to prepare them for employment. Thilawa Management Committe has arranged 40 people (that include Project Affected Persons and other local people around the project area) to attend a professional course on basic manufacturing operation and environment at a Japanese professional vocational training center. The fees for the whole course is sponsored jointly by the SEZ Developer and the vocational training center.

No assistance

No assistance Additional assistance are provided. For instance, in May 2014, Thilawa Management Committee helped 52 students from Project Affected Households registered at the school closed to their place, and provided all these students with complimentary school books, stationaries, school bags, school uniforms, etc. Furthermore, social welfare support financing amounting to Kyats 3 million per household is provided in three trenches to each project affected household with conditions. These conditions include (a) key household members have to participate in the money management training provided by TSEZMC/JICA expert team (b) at least one household member of working age is working in a permanent/stable job, or (c) agrees to attend a vocational training course which will be provided free of charge, or (d) agrees to work in the Thilawa Special Economic Zone or elsewhere. The households headed by women, disabled or a sick person who cannot work are also eligible.

Farming 29% of PAPs did rice farming
on the land, ownership of
which had been transferred
to the Construction Ministry
since 1997. 2.7% of PAPs did
livestock farming.

29% of PAPs (i.e. rice farmers) do not get replacement farm (because they originally farmed on the land owned by others); however, 6-year crop value is provided to them as compensation for their livelihood assistance. 2.7% of PAPs (i.e. livestock farmers) do not get any replacement land for farming their animals; however, they are allowed to farm their animals at vacant land around their new place. There are 21 acres of vacant land around their new place that is reserved for new settlers.

Not Better